CAS Number: 8015-79-0 ; 84775-39-3
FEMA Number: -
EINECS Number: 283-869-0
Paras Code: PEO1027
Acorus calamus Linn. ( Family : Acoraceae ) is a native of India, Asia and has now been introduced across Europe, Australia, New Guinea, South Africa, Reunion and North America. Rhizome of a plant is a well-established drug in the Indian system of medicine. It is a perennial plant with creeping and profusely branched, brown and cylindrical rhizome. The leaves originate from the base of rhizome. The flower are green with yellow anthers. A. calamus plants are diploid, triploid and tetraploid. The rhizomes contain u03b1- asarone, u03b2-asarone and eugenol as major constituents.
Warm, spicy, waxy scent, reminiscent of a sweet forest.
Pale yellow to brown, slightly viscous liquid.
A. calamus is traditionally used as
Brahmi Yati in ayurvedic formulations for epilepsy, coma, hysteria and mental retardation. It is used in amnesia, heart palpitations, insomnia, tinnitus, chronic bronchitis, and bronchial asthama and also an appetite stimulator. Alcoholic extract of its rhizome is reported to possess anti-fugal, anti-bacterical, anti-inflammatory, pesticidal and nematicidal properties.