CAS Number: 8000-42-8 ; 85940-31-4
FEMA Number: 2238
EINECS Number: 288-921-6
Paras Code: PEO1030
Caraway is a two in one plant. The bright green, feathery leaves have a wild flavour, somewhere between that of parsley and dill, while the seeds, a spice, have a strong aroma and pungent taste. The plant is grown commercially in Northern Europe, the United States, and North Africa.
The plant was extensively used by the Romans and was well established in English kitchens in the middle ages, when it was cooked with fruit, especially spit-roast apples and in cakes and bread.
A biennial, the plant grows to height of up to 60 cm with a spread of 30 cm and has thick tapering roots rather like those of parsnip. The leaves resemble those of the carrot shape. The flowers in umbellifers clusters are white tinged with pink and appear in mid-summer. The pointed oval seeds are dark brown almost black.
Warm, spicy, woody-herbaceous odour.
Colorless to pale yellow liquid.