CAS Number: 68916-47-2 ; 92457-01-7
FEMA Number: -
EINECS Number: 296-280-9
Paras Code: PAO2036
Gardenias [Family:Rubiaceae] are highly aromatic creamy-white summer flowers that grow in solitary or in small clusters. They have dark green and glossy leaves with a leathery texture and prominent veins. Native to China where they have been cultivated for thousands of years, gardenias are fairly adaptable shrubs tolerant of sun or semi-shade, and do best in a well-drained, humus-rich soil. Due to its sweet and rich fragrance, the Gardenia is also referred to as the
The oil is extracted from the flowers of Gardenia through enfleurage. The flower petals are soaked in fat, which absorbs most of the aromatic constiuents of the petals. The aromatic fat is then washed with alcohol to dissolve the fragrant molecules into the alcohol. The alcohol is then separated from the fat and allowed to evaporate, leaving behind the Gardenia absolute. Since this process is highly labour-intensive, pure gardenia essential oil tends to be more expensive as compared to other essential oils and absolutes.
The rich, sweet floral scent of Gardenia has long been said to have aphrodisiac, anti-inflammatory and antibacterial properties and is widely used in aromatherapy. Due to its calming and uplifting properties, this wonderfully fragrant oil is highly sought after for use in perfumery.rn