CAS Number: 8014-09-3 ; 84238-39-1
FEMA Number: 2838
EINECS Number: 282-493-4
Paras Code: PEO1127
Pogestemon Patchouli ( Family: Lamiaceae) is native of Philippines and grows wild in Malaysia, Indonesia, and Singapore. It is bushy perennial fragrant herb with soft, opposite, egg-shaped leaves and square stems. Flowers whitish, tinged with purple, grow in both auxillary and terminal spikes. Its oil obtained by steam distillation of shade dried leaves is valued as an excellent fixative. Patchouli oil is used in perfumery industry and also known to have medicinal properties. The important and maximum essential oil compounds are a,b patchoulene and patchouli alcohol and it is responsible for its aroma and medicinal properties.
Rich, woody, earthy-sweet odour.
Pale yellow to orange brown colored viscous liquid.
Patchouli Oil is known to possess antifungal properties and is being used in skin infections, dandruff and eczema. In aromatherapy, patchouli oil is recognized for its anti-depressant, anti-inflammatory, cytophylactic and deodorant. Historical records reveal that more than hundred years ago Indian export fabrics used to be heavily perfumed with patchouli leaves, a technique later adopted by the French manufacturers to create typical oriental aroma for their home spun shawls. Dry patchouli leaves have also been found to possess moth repellent properties and therefore are used to scent wardrobes and protecting clothes especially woolens from insect damage.