CAS Number: 8024-04-2; 90028-06-1
FEMA Number: -
EINECS Number: 232-460-5
Paras Code: PAO2024
Dipteryx odorata, commonly known as cumaru or kumaru is a flowering tree native to South America. It grows in the Orinoco region in Northern Venezuela and in the Amazon forest in Brazil. The fruit kernels are called Tonka beans. They are black, wrinkled and have a smooth brown interior. Their fragrance is reminiscent of Vanilla, Almond, Cinnamon and Clove. From February to April, the ripened fruit falls from the trees. Once the fruit is gathered, the hard outer shell is removed and the beans are collected. They are then spread out to dry for several days. Paras sources Tonka beans from Brazil and has created partnerships with local Amazonian communities and NGO's to ensure sustainability. The trees are not cultivated, and the fruit is hand collected by local people.
The Tonka beans resinoid is obtained by Primary Solvent Extraction of the beans and the absolute is produced through alcoholic washing of this resinoid. The Tonka bean contains Coumarin, a compound first isolated from this plant, and named for it. Coumarin is responsible for the pleasant odor of beans, which led the perfume industry to label these extracts in the
Tonka bean absolute offer profound, warm and sweet notes. The profile is reminiscent of caramel, almond and vanilla.
Traditional herbal treatments still used in the forest of South America recognize the importance of Tonka bean oil as an antiseptic It is also used to heal cuts, bruises, rheumatism and even treat snake bites. The Coumarin derivates obtained from the Tonka beans and found in Tonka bean oil are used medicinally as anticoagulants. However, large doses of this oil are toxic and fatal when consumed.