CAS Number: 8022-07-9 ; 84082-83-7
FEMA Number: 3117
EINECS Number: 282-030-6
Paras Code: PEO1165
Common yarrow, a hardy perennial and native to Europe, grows as a rampant weed in fields and hedgerows, where it can vary from a low, creeping form to a tough plant up to 60 cm high. It has flat heads of minute five-petalled white flowers. Other forms have pink and cream or bright yellow flowers.
The plants generic name is believed derive from the greek hero Achilles , who is said to have used it to heal his soldiers wounds during the Trojan war. Accordingly, it has been called berba militaris, the military herb, knights milfoil, bloodwort and staunchweed.
The leaves are about 10 cm long, dark green, downy and feathery, and the stems are pale green, rough and angular. The plant flowers from early summer to late autumn.
Sweet, camphoraceous, fresh-herbaceous odour.
Dark blue to greenish colored liquid.